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Aim of the course: To provide a comprehensive step by step training on all aspects of the research process from idea development till research output.
Type of the course: Modular course. Each module can be taken as a stand alone module or they can be combined into a full course. The course is composed of 6 essential modules and 3 optional modules which may or may not be selected by candidates for further study. Each module is taught over 2-3 full days.
Target candidates: Junior researchers, postgraduate degree students,  CRAs and research trial coordinators, candidates interested in a research career, mid-career researchers aiming to start independent research projects
Teaching Methods: plenary session followed by small group activities, problem based learning sessions and practical application in all modules.



Module 1: Introduction to Health Research

  • Overview of the research business worldwide
  • What does a career in research mean?
  • Research career hierarchy in international research organizations
  • Funding opportunities
  • Financing considerations from the point of view of funding organizations
  • Team building, capacity building and outsourcing
  • Building a research portfolio
  • Networking and international collaborations
  • Research as part of academic degrees
  • Innovation in research
  • Developing research ideas
  • Formulating research questions
  • Searching the literature (as in module 1B)

Module 1B: Searching the Literature (optional stand alone module)

  • How to develop a focused search strategy
  • Use of different bibliographic database platforms
  • Using Bolean logic
  • Truncation, wildcards and adjacency features
  • Sorting, saving and organizing your search results
  • Saving email alerts of searches
  • Searching open internet locations
  • The grey literature
  • Using citation managers software


Module 2: Research Design in Biomedical studies

  • Formulating aims and objectives
  • Study setting and timelines
  • Study sample: sample size calculation and sampling methods
  • Study outcomes and study measures
  • Challenges in different study designs: Bias, confounding, matching and over matching, numbers of controls per case, sampling hard to reach populations, randomization, quality control
  • Results in various study designs: odds, risks, ratios, relative risk, attributable risk
  • P values and confidence intervals
  • Ethical considerations and IRB
  • Study design:
    • Cross sectional studies and surveys
    • cohort studies
    • case-control studies
    • interventional studies
    • systematic reviews and meta-analysis


Module 3: Clinical Trials

  • Clinical trial design overview
  • Design of phase I studies, phase II studies and phase III studies
  • Innovative clinical trial design: hybrid designs and adaptive designs
  • Issues in non randomized studies, before and after studies, historical controls and studies comparing paired organs
  • Informed consent and ethical committee approvals
  • GCP guidelines and EU directive for clinical trials
  • Regulatory bodies and licensing
  • How to randomize
  • Controlling for bias and confounding
  • Blinding
  • Inclusion and exclusion criteria, stratification and subgroups
  • End points in clinical trials: pharmacology endpoints, survival endpoints, response endpoints, time to event, quality of life endpoints
  • Interpreting results in clinical trials


Module 4: Statistics at the Receiving End

  • How to make sense of statistical results in published studies
  • Describing your sample
  • Basic statistical inference
  • Statistical modeling
  • Survival analysis
  • Presenting your data correctly in tables and charts
  • SPSS practical application


Module 05: Writing a research proposal

  • The important information contained in the grant guidelines document
  • Getting in the mindset of the reviewer
  • Understanding the perspective of the funding organization
  • Planning the implementation of the project
  • Setting achievable targets
  • Budgeting and justification
  • Evaluation outcomes
  • Making your case
  • Finding the right grant opportunity
  • Timelines and logical frameworks
  • Collaborations and endorsements
  • Addressing your practical, methodological and ethical issues


Module 06: Writing and Publishing Your Research

  • Scientific language as opposed to narrative language
  • Making valid conclusions from your results
  • Discussing your findings convincingly
  • Referencing, paraphrasing, plaigiarism
  • Journal impact factors
  • Instructions to authors
  • The peer review process
  • Copyright transfer
  • Conferences and abstract publication


Module 07: Qualitative Research

  • Nature of Qualitative data
  • Qualitative data collection tools and methods
  • Focus groups and interviews
  • How to develop focus group and interview schedules
  • How to conduct FGDs and interviews
  • Analysing qualitative data
  • Writing a qualitative manuscript for publication


Optional Modules:

08-Critical Appraisal of scientific papers

  • Issues around study design
  • Assessing the validity of trial methodology
  • The consort statement
  • Interpreting results
  • Estimating the benefit and harm
  • Estimating the magnitude of the effect
  • Estimating the precision of the effect


09 - Evidence based practice

  • What is Evidence Based Practice
  • Why is it needed
  • How did EBP develop
  • How far our medical practice is evidence based
  • Diagnostic and therapeutic pitfalls outside EBP
  • Diagnostic logic and heuristics
  • Finding the evidence
  • Appraising the evidence
  • Applying the evidence
  • The difference between expected results in individual patients and reported results in groups of patients
  • Individual patients and public policy
  • Development of guidelines
  • Licensing and approving for prescription


10 – Using questionnaires in clinical studies

  • What do questionnaires measure
  • Validated questionnaires for almost everything
  • Is it reasonable to create your own questionnaire or to use a validated one
  • Copyrighted tools
  • Obtaining license to use
  • Failure to obtain license results in difficulties at publishing time
  • Translated versions and their suitability for use
  • How to administer the questionnaire: You are not allowed to re-word
  • What can errors in administering the questionnaire lead to
  • Psychometric properties
  • How to design a questionnaire if you have to
  • How to validate your own questionnaire
  • What results do questionnaire scores produce and how they are used
  • Quality of life questionnaires in clinical trials, small item with major effect


Contact Us

mapBorg Elfarag building,
Algalaa street (previously Baby Coca street), Off Alex-Cairo Agricultural Road, Semouha Algadeeda, Alexandria , EGYPT

map(+20) 11 4444 5474